Texas Breach of Fiduciary Damages: Can Recover Damages Even Though Not Actually Harmed
An employee may be liable for breach of fiduciary duty to his employer—even if his employer suffers no actual damages as a result of the offending conduct. So learned an employee in a recent case.
In that case, the employee, a Project Manager for a general construction contractor, was responsible for locating potential subcontractors for the project, soliciting bids from them, and directing the work of the subcontractors that were actually hired.
At one point, the Project Manager hired a subcontracting company owned by his mother-in-law and father-in-law. Unbeknownst to his employer (the general contractor), the Project Manager and his wife personally profited in excess of $300,000 as a result of his wife’s parents being awarded the subcontracting work. When the general contractor subsequently learned what the Project Manager had done, it sued the Project Manager for breach of fiduciary duty. A bench trial verdict in the general contractor’s favor was affirmed on appeal.
1. The court of appeals noted that a “fiduciary” is a person “who occupies a position of peculiar confidence towards another.” The court added that a fiduciary relationship is characterized by “integrity and fidelity,” and it contemplates “fair dealing and good faith.” The court concluded that the Project Manager’s duties were sufficiently important to make him a fiduciary of the general contractor.
2. In a principal/agent fiduciary relationship, the duties owed by the agent include: the duty to account for profits arising out of his employment, the duty not to act as (or on account of) an adverse party without the principal’s consent, the duty not to compete with the principal on his own account or for another in matters relating to the subject matter of the agency, the duty to deal fairly with the principal in all transactions between them, and the duty to deal openly and to fully disclose to his employer information that affects his employer’s business.
3. In this case, the Project Manager argued that his use of his mother-in-law and father-in-law’s subcontracting company was for the general contractor’s benefit (and that the general contractor was not in any way harmed). But the court held that the Project Manager’s failure to inform his employer that he personally benefited from using the subcontractor company constituted a breach of his fiduciary duty, and the Project Manager had to account for all profits he earned as a result of his breach. The court held that it was “beside the point” that the general contractor may have suffered no damages; the Project Manager’s betrayal of trust warranted the verdict against him.
Daniel v. Falcon Interest Realty Corp., 190 S.W.3d 177 (Tex. App. Houston [1st Dist.] 2005, no pet.).